Rivers of Chhattisgarh

The rice bowl of the nation wouldn’t be worth one measure of the millets it produce if it were not for the veins that enlivens the soils to produce more than 20,000 varieties of rice and the lush forest that comprise about 45 percent of the geography of the state. The abundance of water resource also plays a key factor in the electricity reserves of the state which is always produced in surplus enough to cater to many megawatts of electricity needs of water clogged neighboring states.

Mahanadi River

Mahanadi River

The most significant river in Chhattisgarh is Mahanadi often considered to be the lifeline of the state. It is also a major river in the east central part of India. It follows a total course of 560 miles with an estimated drainage area of 51,000 square miles. The river is presumed to originate in a non-descript region of Dhamtari district of Chhattisgarh and coursing through the state of Odisha, submerging in the Bay of Bengal.

The other major rivers that have their waterways and tributaries are Godavari with its tributary Indravati River, flourishing the land of the Halbas and the Gonds, “Bastar”. The river takes its course through beautiful ravens and crevices, while plummeting into a gorge forming a mini Niagara waterfall. The view is absolutely splendid. Some of the other tributaries of other major rivers too boast of cascading glories around the state.

Sankh River that originates in Jharkhand runs a course of over 20 miles in Chhattisgarh before reverting to Jharkhand, submerging finally in the Bay of Bengal through Odisha.

River Son that originates from Madhya Pradesh veins through the state with its tributaries that span along Sarguja district and Jashpur district as well, flowing to Uttar Pradesh.

The major contributory tributaries are of Godavari and Mahanadi that irrigates the landscape and provide scope for the power reserves of the state. The surplus electricity that the state of Chhattisgarh boast of is chiefly because of the pulsating river Mahanadi which also ripples life in the southern coast of Odisha state.

The hydrography of Chhattisgarh brags of basins and fertile landscape and energy reserves for a thousand miles. The onslaught of industries adjacent to many water bodies is a cause of major concern. Although many governmental and non-governmental organization are working strenuously to conserve the same, yet the lenient policies of the government and conflicting law and order needs to be resolved.

Kanger valley

Kanger valley

The sand mining mafia too pose serious threat to not only waning coarse of many tributaries but also the ecological factors associated with the same. Construction and illegal mining at sites nearby any water body must strictly be monitored or better prohibited.

Most of the major tributaries like the Indravati and sub tributaries of Godavari and Mahanadi are blessed with significant places of religious and ecological importance. These regions like the Kanger valley, the Sirpur archeological sites, Rajim and the tribal belts from the Bastar hills towards the district of Koria and Sarguja are hotspots of eco-tourism. A fresh stream of life flushes through them which should be nurtured and cherished.


Chhattisgarh came into existence as a state on 1 November 2000 by partitioning 16 south-eastern districts of undivided Madhya Pradesh. It shares its border with six states, namely Odisha in the east, Jharkhand in the north-east, Madhya Pradesh in the north-west, Uttar Pradesh in the north, Maharashtra in the west and Andhra Pradesh in the south. The state is endowed with a rich cultural heritage that includes its varied crafts, folk dance, food and theatre, and attractive natural diversity. It is also home to some of India’s ancient caves, finest waterfalls, picturesque palaces, temples, Buddhist sites, rock paintings, hill plateaus and rare wildlife. While the northern and southern parts of the state are hilly, the central part is fertile plain. Mountains, plateaus and plains constitute roughly a third each of the state’s physiography. Major rivers of the state include Mahanadi, Indravati, Godavari, Narmada, Hasdo, Shivnath and Arpa. Identified as one of the richest biodiversity habitats in the country, Chhattisgarh has one of the densest forests in India, rich wildlife, several species of exotic flora and fauna and abundant non-timber forest products, with tremendous potential for value addition. Following its formation as a state, the nine original districts were further bifurcated, and as a result, the state now has 27 district administrative units. In the last phase of reorganization of districts, nine new districts were created and notified on 26 January 2012 to bring administration and governance closer to people, and also to address the spatial and other challenges that the state faces. There are a variety of tourist places in Chhattisgarh most of which lie virtually unexplored. The unspoilt green forests, dotted with picturesque waterfalls, scenic plateaus and winding rivers offer a feast to eyes. The caves and forts of a forgotten era add to the variety of tourist attractions in Chhattisgarh. Myriads of wild lives hide in the forests of Chhattisgarh, which occupy a huge 42% of the state’s land surface. Last but not the least important to mention is the lure of exotic tribal life of Chhattisgarh that acts as a magnet to attract tourist to the city of Chhattisgarh. *Copyright of Pictures and Information in this page might belong to someone else as all the data in this page are taken from different sources.

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